GLOSSARY OF TERMS
- A copy of data or a program created as insurance
against the loss of the original data or program.
- Beginner's All-Purpose Symbolic Instruction Code.
An interpreter computer programming language.
- A type of DOS text file written in everyday English, for
the most part. It is used to automate computer operations
by executing a series of DOS commands, making decisions, and
so on. It's most useful when a repetitive set of tasks
are required to be executed or when a lomg series of
options must be specified. The AUTOEXEX.bat is the one
most familiar to computer users. It's one of the files
used to configure DOS machines at startup.
- A measure of data transfer speed, roughly equivalent to
bits per second. The most common modem baud rate used in
non DSL/WiFi computer telecommunicatins is 56,000 (56k).
- A base-two mathematical numbering system used by
computers to store and process information and instructions.
At its most simple, base-two can represent two values: 0/1,
In/Out, Left/Right; On/Off, Right/Wrong. Up/Down, etc.
- Basic Input-Output System. The lowest level
instructions controlling input and output in the Central
Processing Unit (CPU).
- An abbreviation for `binary digit'. The basic unit of
information for all computer systems. A bit has the value
of 0 or 1. Eight (8) bits make a byte (one character).
- A computer's start up procedure derived from the
phrase "Pulling one's self up by one's bbostraps".
(See "Cold Boot" and "Warm Boot".)
- A term used with databases to indicate looking within
a data list for a particular occurrence of a term or text
For Internet purposes, it means to peruse a webpage, often
referred to as "surf the Net".
- Software used to render Internet webpages and interact
- An area in memory that temporarily holds information.
in memory. It's sort of a scratch pad. Information in
a buffer is lost when new data is moved into (overwrites)
the buffer, or the computer is turned off or rebooted.
Buffers are used between a computer and a printer so
that the computer will not be tied up the entire time
printing is taking place. Buffers are also used to
anticipate data requests within the computer and between
the computer and data storage devices such as CD-ROMs and
- A unit of information made up of eight `bits'. A byte
can represent 256 distinct values.
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